The Routledge Handbook of the Global Sixties

Edited by Chen Jian, Masha Kirasirova, Martin Klimke, Mary Nolan, Marilyn Young, Joanna Waley-Cohen

(Abingdon: Routledge, 2018)

As the fiftieth anniversary of 1968 approaches, this book reassesses the global causes, themes, forms, and legacies of that tumultuous period.

While existing scholarship continues to largely concentrate on the US and Western Europe, this volume focusses on Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and Eastern Europe. International scholars from diverse disciplinary backgrounds explore the global sixties through the prism of topics that range from the economy, decolonization, and higher education, to forms of protest, transnational relations, and the politics of memory.

This handbook thus attempts to inspire a new scholarly reflection on the politics of memory and historiographical narratives of the “long sixties” in preparation of the 50th anniversary of 1968 that is decidedly global and offers in-depth perspectives on previously neglected themes and geographical areas.

Book’s website at Routledge



“This extraordinary collection is a game-changer. Featuring the cutting-edge work of over forty scholars from across the globe, The Routledge Handbook of the Global Sixties is breath-taking in its range, incisive in analyses, and revolutionary in method and evidence. Here, fifty years after that iconic ‘1968,’ Western Europe and North America are finally de-centered, if not provincialized, and we have the basis for a complete remapping, a thorough reinterpretation of the ‘Sixties.'”

– Jean Allmann, Washington University in St. Louis

“This is a landmark achievement.  It represents the most comprehensive effort to date to map out the myriad constitutive elements of the “Global Sixties” as a field of knowledge and inquiry.  Richly illustrated and meticulously curated, this collection purposefully “provincializes” the United States and Western Europe while shifting the loci of interpretation to Africa, the Middle East, Asia, and Latin America. It will become both a benchmark reference text for instructors and a gateway to future historical research”

– Eric Zolov, Stony Brook University

“This important and wide-ranging volume de-centres West-focused histories of the 1960s. It opens up fresh and vital ground for research and teaching on Third, Second and First World transnationalism(s), and the many complex connections, tensions and histories involved.’

– John Chalcraft, London School of Economics & Political Science

“This book globalizes the study of the 1960s better than any other publication. The authors stretch the standard narrative to include regions and actors long neglected. This new geography of the 1960s changes how we understand the broader transformations surrounding protest, war, race, feminism, and other themes. The global 1960s described by the authors is more inclusive and relevant for our current day. This book will influence all future research and teaching about the postwar world.”

– Jeremi Suri, The University of Texas at Austin


Table of Contents:


Odd Arne Westad

Martin Klimke and Mary Nolan



1. Transnational Connections of the Global Sixties as Seen by a Historian of Brazil
Victoria Langland
2. Liberation in Transit: Eduardo Mondlane and Che Guevara in Dar es Salaam
Andrew Ivaska
3. Subversive Communities and the “Rhodesian Sixties”: An Exploration of Transnational Protests, 1965–1973
Dan Hodgkinson
4. Building Anti-Colonial Utopia: The Politics of Space in Soviet Tashkent in the “Long 1960s”
Masha Kirasirova
5. The Meanings of Western Maoism in the Global 1960s
Quinn Slobodian


6. The Revolution before the Revolution: Student Protest and Political Process at the End of the Portuguese Dictatorship
Guya Accornero
7. Red Arabia: Anti-Colonialism, the Cold War, and the Long Sixties in the Gulf States
Toby Matthiesen
8. Making a “Second Vietnam”: The Congolese Revolution and Its Global Connections in the 1960s
Pedro Monaville
9. Australia, the Long 1960s, and the Winds of Change in the Asia-Pacific
Jon Piccini


10. Rebellious Bodies: Urban Youth Fashion in the Sixties and Seventies in Mali
Ophélie  Rillon
11. Mexico 1968: Events, Assessments, and Antecedents
Mary Kay Vaughan
12. Operación amor: Hippies, Musicians, and Cultural Transformation in El  Salvador
Joaquín M. Chávez
13. A Mediterranean 60s: Cultural Politics in Turkey, Greece, and Beyond
Kenan Behzat Sharpe
14. From the Maiak to the Psichodrom: How Sixties Counterculture Came to Moscow
Juliane Fürst
15. East Looks West: Belgrade’s Young People Evaluate Western Counterculture and Student Activism
Madigan Fichter


16. Hypervisibility and Invisibility: Asian/American Women, Radical Orientalism, and the Revisioning of Global Feminism
Judy Tzu-Chun Wu
17. The Global Left-Feminist 1960s: From Copenhagen to Moscow and New York
Francisca de Haan
18. Unraveling a Tradition, or Spinning a Myth?: Gender Critique in Czech Society and Culture
Libora Oates-Indruchová
19. Modernizing Palestinian Women: Between Colonialism and Nationalism—Reflections on the 1960s and 1970s
Islah Jad


20. Détente and the Global Sixties
Mario Del Pero
21. In the Wake of Czechoslovakia, 1968: Reflections on Beijing’s Split with Moscow and Rapprochement with Washington
Chen Jian
22. “Beautiful Americans”: Peace Corps Iran in the Global Sixties
Jasamin Rostam-Kolayi
23. Where Was the Economy in the Global Sixties?
Mary Nolan


VI.        AFRICA
24. 1968—A Post-Colonial Phenomenon?: The “Mays” of France and Africa
Françoise Blum
25. May ’68 in Africa: Dakar in the Worldwide Social Movement
Omar Gueye
26. 1969—Ethiopia’s 1968
Bahru Zewde
27. Tanzanian Ujamaa in a World of Peripheral Socialisms
Priya Lal


VII.      ASIA
28. The Chinese Sixties: Mobility, Imagination, and the Sino-Japanese Friendship Association
Zachary A. Scarlett
29. The US Cold War and the Japanese Student Movement, 1947–1973
Naoko Koda
30. Making Non-Dissident Youth: The IFYE and Agrarian Youth in Asia and America
Gregg Andrew Brazinsky
31. The Global Sixties in Southeast Asia: Indonesia and Malaysia
Claudia Derichs


32. The Iranian Student Movement and the Making of Global 1968
Manijeh Nasrabadi and Afshin Matin-asgari
33. Matzpen: A Different Israeli History
Lutz Fiedler
34. An Un-Revolutionary Decolonization: The 1960s and the United Arab Emirates
Shohei Sato
35. Cairo and the Cultural Cold War for Afro-Asia
Elizabeth M. Holt
36. The Revival of Protest in Egypt on the Eve of Sadat
Abdullah Al-Arian
37. Shafiq’s Bag of Memories
Mohamed Elshahed


38. Disseminating the Tricontinental
Robert J. C. Young
39. Heroine of the Other America: The East German Solidarity Movement in Support of Angela Davis, 1970–73
Sophie Lorenz
40. Let Them Eat Meat: The Literary Afterlives of Castro’s and Nasser’s Dietary Utopias
Eman Morsi
41. The Dialectics of Liberation: The Global 1960s and the Present
Christopher Connery


List of Contributors